Mitt Romney’s mistake in speaking bluntly at a May fundraiser was not only in the words he spoke but also in failing to anticipate the ears they might reach. An audience that looked like an exclusive group of Republican donors this week multiplied — thanks to the pervasiveness of video technology — to the entire world.
Rapidly changing technology is shrinking traditional zones of privacy faster than most people can adjust, and the future looks no easier to navigate. Some technology companies are creating “wearable devices” that put video cameras in eyewear and watches. Others promote “frictionless sharing” of user locations, reading lists and music choices.
Campaigns desperate to prevent embarrassing video and audio snippets already are confiscating smartphones at closed-door events. But they have largely been overmatched, as time and again moments intended to be kept secret have turned up on the Internet.
“There is a total collapse of the notion of private space,” said Republican strategist Steve Schmidt, a top adviser to Sen. John McCain’s presidential campaign in 2008. “Increasingly, politicians who say one thing behind closed doors and another to the public get caught doing it.”
Researchers studying human interactions with computers find that nearly everybody has accidentally conveyed a message intended for a narrow audience to an uncomfortably broad one — sometimes by doing something as simple as hitting “reply all” on a company-wide e-mail.
Such issues are particularly explosive in the political arena. Campaign operatives seek to warn candidates that they are all but public nearly every second of every day. But experts say humans — no matter how smart, polished or famous — need private space and the more relaxed interactions that allows.
“We all think it’s important that we can say things in private that we’d be mortified if they were said in public,” said David Weinberger of Harvard’s Berkman Center for Internet and Society. “The problem is for politicians, it’s very hard to give up on that sort of privacy. It’s essential to us.”
Psychologist Kelly E. Caine of Clemson University calls the problem “misclosure,” a play on the word “disclosure”: The utterance is intended, but the audience it reaches isn’t. Her research suggests that, in the modern technological era, most everyone commits acts of misclosure — even if the consequences are rarely as severe as they are for politicians.
The pitfalls have been borne out repeatedly on the campaign trail despite aggressive efforts to prevent them.
Romney’s apparent dismissiveness toward the nearly half of Americans who don’t pay federal income taxes was reminiscent of President Obama’s disparaging remarks in 2008 — also taped at a private fundraiser — about some voters fearfully clinging to “guns or religion.”
In May, Obama aides placed the phones of 60 wealthy donors into small plastic bags at the New York City townhouse of Blackstone executive Hamilton “Tony” James for Obama’s $35,800-per-person reception.Haberin Tamamı İçin: